Four winged lions crown the huge concrete structure reinforced with iron, which impresses all those who pay their first visit to the neighbourhood of Vallcarca i els Penitents. This structure is Vallcarca Viaduct, a bridge that joins the two hills of this neighbourhood and offers amazing views of the city as far as the sea.
A neighbourhood between hills
The Vallcarca i els Penitents neighbourhood is one of the five that make up the district of Gràcia. It nestles between the Coll and Putxet hills. Vallcarca was formerly used as a summer holiday residence where families came to find peace and escape from the bustling city. Summer houses were built at the bottom of the hills, alongside the farmsteads of the peasants in the many crop fields in the area. A landscape that still amazes visitors as they look at the hills and see they are dotted with tiny houses built with a certain degree of haphazardness.
The bridge of union
On one side, the Coll and on the other, the Putxet, and in the centre a gulley that seemed impossible to cross until the bridge was built. Vallcarca Viaduct is a great civil engineering project by the architect Miquel Pasqual Tintorer, in which concrete reinforced with iron was used for the first time to anchor a construction to the bed of the gulley.
This way a passage was opened up between both hills, Coll and Putxet, allowing vehicles and people to cross from one side to the other. This also helped open up the neighbourhood to the city, as it made communications easier.
Crossing the viaduct is quite an experience, because it offers one of the most impressive views of Barcelona and the sea, since the Vallcarca i els Penitents neighbourhood is one of the highest points of the city.