Pavelló de la República

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Pavelló de la República

Of great value as part of the early 20th century avant-garde movement, the once disappeared Pavelló de la República was rebuilt for the Olympic Games in 1992. This emblematic building is currently a library belonging to the University of Barcelona and houses a special collection on Spanish history from the Second Republic to the Transition.

A symbolic replica

The Pavelló de la República, now a library, is situated at one end of the La Clota neighbourhood in the heart of the Horta district. It is a replica, created in 1992, of the Pavilion of the Spanish Republic constructed in Paris to represent Spain at the 1937 Universal Exposition. Those responsible for the original building were the architects Josep Lluís Sert and Luis Lacasa, and it was an architectural landmark in its day, due to its rationalist style, very much in line with the avant-garde of the era. It was also a hugely symbolic building, very much against the Civil War being waged in Spain at that time. In 1992, the architects Espinet i Ubach created an exact replica, using the same precarious materials that were used in the 1930s, to produce a building just like the original: a large empty container, almost without walls, through which a route was marked. The compartments close by means of metal structures, with glass on the first floor and fibre-cement on the second.

Art and the anti-war movement. It should be pointed out that, as an anti-war and anti-fascist symbol, the original pavilion displayed some important artworks inside, such as Pablo Picasso's Guernica, a 1:1 scale replica of which can be found in the current pavilion; The Harvester by Joan Miró; and the Font de Mercuri by Alexander Calder, which is now on display in the Fundació Joan Miró.

This pavilion is currently home to the Centre for International Historical Studies and the Pavelló de la República Library, which houses a collection of international importance on the Second Republic, the Spanish Civil War, Francoism, exile and the transition to democracy in Spain and Catalonia.

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